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A train station is a facility in the railway where trains usually stop to load and offload passengers. It does consist of a track side and a building housing the station, where it provides essential services to the train station. Like the ticket sales as well as a waiting room. Where a station is on a single track line, it usually has a loop to enable traffic flow. The smallest railroad station is considered stop
Train stations are usually underground, elevated or on the level ground. There are often intersecting rail lines as well as other means of transport such as buses, trams, and another transit system
There is usually sales office for tickets; some even have automated ticket tellers or even both, in some lines, sales of the card are on board the train. You will find shops and convince in most stations. Large stations have fast food facility and restaurant. Some countries have stations with bar and pub. And they even have departure and arrival, even luggage cart, bus bay as well as car parks.
Some train stations have rolling stock and facility where refueling can take place, and minor repairs carried out.
Configurations of stations
Outside the core configuration of a station, essential features set some stations apart. The first among them is the number of tracks a station house. Railway depot is in an area where the road crosses the rail track. Except the crossing is at the same level, the street and platform will be at a different elevation. The platform will either be higher or lower than the road considering the entrance to the train station, but the elevated depot is usually typical.
In some instance, a station will service as much as two or more railway lines at a different level. It is occasioned by the position of the station, particularly when two rail tracks are crossing each other, or where the station provides more than a service for both intercity and urban services.
Stations can also be classified based on the layout of the station’s platform. Outside single track lines, the other arrangement is a pair of the path for the both directions. With more tracks, there are endless possibilities.
Some stations have unique platform due to space, as the layout makes the platform look unusual as a result of space constraint or even the alignment of the tracks. it includes staggered platforms, curved platform and Crewe line. We also have triangular stations like where two lines forms three-way junction and the platform is on all three sides.
In train stations, you have various routes that serve different purposes. Some station has a passing loop that thus have a loop line that comes out of the main line and reconnect to the same main line on the other end of the railroad that witches to all train to go.
A track that has a spot which enables passengers to board and disembark at a train station is called channel track. Irrespective of the fact whether it is the main line or a loop line, a platform divides it, and it is known as a station track. A loop line that does not have a platform against it is used to unload a train at the central station only; it is also called passing track.
Terminal or terminus is said to be a station at the end of a railway line. Any train that arrives there ends it voyage or reverses out of the station. It permits travelers to get to all the platforms without the need of crossing any track. The entrance to the station reception facility is always at the far end of the platform.